Food is very important in Minecraft! If you don’t eat, you will starve to death, and that’s not good.

How to Eat

Select a food item in the toolbar, then hold down the right button to eat. Om nom nom nom nom!

What to Eat

There are lots of types of food. The first food you will find is most likely apples, then you will want to grow wheat and make bread. Since you will probably want a chicken farm for experience and feathers, chicken might be the main thing you eat in Minecraft. But there are lots of other options!

Meat & Fish

Meat comes from the animals that live in the Minecraft world: Cows, Pigs, Sheep, Chickens and Rabbits. You can get meat just by hunting animals you see in the wild, but it is best to set up a farm instad of killing them all! Fish is obtained by fishing.

Meat and fish can be eaten raw in an emergency, but really it ought to be cooked. To cook your food, use a furnace.

If you eat Raw Chicken, you have a 30% chance of getting food poisoning. This can be cured by drinking Milk.

Bread and baked goods

Wheat is something you can get very early in the game by planting grass seeds; you might also be lucky enough to find it in a Village.

Wheat can be crafted into Bread. You will also need to grow wheat if you are farming Cows, Sheep or Chickens.

Making Bread

You don’t actually need an oven to make bread; just wheat and a crafting table.

Baking bread in minecraft

Cake and Cookies

You can also use wheat to make cake and cookies:

Cookies are made with wheat and cocoa beans.

Cake also needs eggs, sugar and milk:


Cake is a block that must be placed; after that you can eat it one slice at a time (there are 6 slices).

Fruit and Vegetables

One of the first foods you will find is Apples, which drop when you break the leaves of Oak and Dark Oak trees

Later in the game you may find Carrots, Potatoes and Melons, and you may want to farm these. While Carrots and Melons are OK foods, they are more useful for feeding to pigs and making potions. Potatoes are a good food however, if you bake them in a Furnace first. Watch out for poisoned potatoes!

The final vegetable is the Pumpkin, which can be made into Pumpkin Pie if you have the other ingredients too:

Pumpkin Pie


Mushrooms can be used to make mushroom stew, which is extremely nutritious and a great choice for vegetarians. Mushrooms are easily found in swamps, the Nether, or mushroom biomes. The one disadvantage of mushroom stew is portability; prepared stew doesn’t stack, so each bowl of stew requires an inventory slot. The ingredients stack, however, so you can just carry around a supply of mushrooms and bowls and make stew when you need it.

To make the stew, you need red mushrooms, brown mushrooms and wooden bowls.

mushroom stew in minecraft

It doesn’t matter how you arrange the ingredients, so mushroom stew can be made without a crafting table:

mushroom stew made in inventory screen

After eating the stew, you will get the empty bowl back for re-use.

Nutritional Values

Food is quite complicated in Minecraft. There are two things to consider: how many food points your food will restore, but also something called saturation, which is to do with how long it will be before you get hungry again.

Food points are shown in the table below.

Food Saturation

Some foods give you more saturation than others: this means you stay full for longer before getting hungry again.

Some of the foods that give highest saturation are:

  • Golden Carrots and Golden Apples.
  • Cooked Steak and Cooked Porkchop.
  • Rabbit Stew.
  • Baked Potatoes.
  • Mushroom Stew.

What is the best food?

The best foods are the ones that are easy to get, can easily be carried, and give good food points and high saturation. The winning foods are: Cooked Steak and Cooked Porkchop. Cooked Chicken and Baked Potato are good too if it is convenient to farm those foods.

List of Foods

Here are some of the most common foods in Minecraft.

Meat & Fish

All of these are better if you cook them in a Furnace!

Food Food Points Restored
Steak Cooked Porkchop Cooked Steak or Porkchop Food Point Food Point Food Point Food Point
Cooked Mutton Cooked Mutton Food Point Food Point Food Point
Cooked Rabbit Cooked Rabbit Food Point Food Point Food Point
Cooked Chicken Cooked Chicken Food Point Food Point Food Point
Cooked Salmon Cooked Salmon Food Point Food Point Food Point
Cooked Fish Cooked Fish Food Point Food Point Food Point
Raw beef Raw Porkchop Raw Beef, Raw Porkchop Food Point Food Point
Raw Chicken Raw Chicken Food Point 30% chance of food poisoning
Raw Mutton Raw Rabbit
Raw Fish Raw Salmon
Other raw meat and fish Food Point

Crafted Foods

These are foods you can make with a crafting table. Because they are harder to make than other foods, you might not want them. The exceptions are Bread, which is useful early in the game, and Rabbit Stew which is the most nutritious food in the game.

Food Food Points Restored
Cake Cake (6 slices) Food Point each slice.
Rabbit Stew Rabbit Stew Food Point Food Point Food Point Food Point Food Point
Pumpkin Pie Pumpkin Pie Food Point Food Point Food Point Food Point
Mushroom Stew Mushroom Stew Food Point Food Point Food Point
Golden Carrot Golden Carrot Food Point Food Point Food Point
Bread Bread Food Point Food Point Food Point
Cookie Cookie Food Point

Fruit and Vegetables

Food Food Points Restored
Baked potato Baked Potato Food Point Food Point Food Point
Apple Apple Food Point Food Point
Carrot Carrot Food Point Food Point
Melon Melon Slice Food Point
Potato Raw Potato Food Point

Enchanted Golden Apple

Golden apples

There are two types of golden apples! Normal golden apples have a green tooltip label, whereas enchanted apples have a purple label, and an animated glow effect as shown.

Golden apples are food, but they also have special effects like potions.

Normal golden apples

These are crafted from a red apple plus 8 gold nuggets. Golden apples have these effects

  • restore 2 food points.
  • increase your rate of health regeneration for 5 seconds.
  • give you two extra hearts that last for 2 minutes.

Enchanted golden apples

These super-foods are crafted from a red apple plus 8 gold blocks. An enchanted golden apple will:

  • restore 2 food points.
  • give you really powerful health regeneration for 30 seconds.
  • give you two extra hearts that last for 2 minutes.
  • give you resistance to fire damage and other damage for 5 minutes.

Golden apples are expensive, but really useful if you eat them just before a big fight!